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When CKD fogs the brain

Chronic kidney disease in cats (CKD) is not only associated with health impairments, but often with central nervous symptoms as well. The involvement of the brain as a cause is not fully investigated. Two new studies, carried out on rats and mice respectively, now see a connection between the accumulation of uraemic toxins in the brain and its influence on well-being. First and foremost is the...

You can’t do without nephrons

Kidneys are true powerhouses: they are excretory and detoxification organs and also have other important tasks for the body. Kidneys can filter waste products of metabolism and harmful substances (e.g. uraemic toxins) from the blood and thus excrete them through the urine. They regulate the water balance as well as the body's level of electrolytes and the acid-base balance. What is too much is...

THE INTESTINES AREN’T JUST CHARMING

In the intestines, food components are broken down and made accessible to the body. This produces breakdown products which are eliminated in the faeces as “waste”. Such breakdown is normal. However, there are also breakdown products formed in the intestines...

Urine analysis in senior cats

In addition to regular check-ups, which usually include a blood test, a urine test is also recommended for senior cats aged 9-13 years. Especially for the examination of the cat’s kidney health, it can provide valuable information, as it is produced directly in the kidneys. Urine production is a kidney filtration process, the reduction of which can indicate the possible presence of chronic...

The End – CKD on Stage IX

Not every cat goes through all stages perceptibly for the cat owner. Especially in stage 4, however, the health problems and impact of Chronic Kidney Disease are clearly visible. Therefore, the focus in this end stage is to alleviate the symptoms and to stabilize and, if possible, improve the cat’s quality of life. The cat’s last days of life should be made as comfortable as possible...

Chronic Kidney Disease on Stage III

According to IRIS (International Renal Interest Society), the third stage of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is characterised by clinical signs. If the symptoms are mild, the cat is in early stage 3, if the clinical symptoms are numerous and severe, the cat is in late stage 3 according to IRIS.   Stage 3 Due to the increasingly reduced kidney performance (up to 25% remaining), more urinary...

Chronic Kidney Disease on Stage II

Dieses Stadium bestimmt den Schweregrad der Chronischen Nierenerkrankung (CNE) und steht gleichsam im Zusammenhang mit der Prognose.

IRIS recommends certain treatments and procedures as well as therapy for the cat in the second stage.  A further distinction is made between staging before and after treatment. A cat may be considered to be in a later stage before treatment and then ideally " returns" to an earlier stage within treatment.

Chronic Kidney Disease on Stage

Chronic kidney disease in cats (and dogs) is categorised into four stages by the IRIS (International Renal Interest Society). A stage thus determines the severity of the chronic kidney disease and is also related to the prognosis. IRIS then recommends specific treatments and procedures depending on the stage. First, however, the diagnosis “chronic kidney disease” must be confirmed...

Examplary Chronic Kidney Disease

  Feline chronic kidney disease (CKD) is one of the most common diseases of older cats and the leading cause of death in cats over 5 years of age. Although its etiology is usually unknown (e.g. toxic causes or viral infections and chronic inflammation), its course is progressive and associated with a variety of clinicopathological changes. This is what makes chronic kidney disease so complex...